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Pipeline displacement monitoring system

Experience of Implementation of Software-Hardware Suite of Pipeline Displacement Monitoring System

Software-hardware suite of pipeline displacement monitoring system - Kalinin NPP Unit 1 (October 2012).

1. Purpose

The pipeline displacement monitoring system is intended for periodic monitoring in the normal operation modes of the thermal displacements of the following pipelines:

  • Main steam lines of steam generator PG1-4;
  • Pressurizer system surge line;
  • Pipelines of emergency core cooling system passive part.

The pipeline displacement monitoring system belongs to normal operation systems, the components of the system belong to safety class 4 according to General safety regulations OPB 88/97.

The components of the system and the system as a whole as well as the organization of installation, maintenance and operation activities in terms of general requirements and electrical safety requirements comply with the requirements of GOST 12.1.004-85, GOST 12.1.019-79 and GOST 12.1.030-81.

The pipeline displacement monitoring system belongs to continuous use systems.

The monitoring of pipeline displacement is performed automatically in the modes of the reactor system normal operations and abnormal conditions.

Electrical Diagram of Pipeline Displacement Monitoring SystemFigure 1 – Electrical Diagram of Pipeline Displacement
Monitoring System

The following activities are performed in the on-line mode:

  • Control of thermal displacement sensor channel balancing;
  • Self-check of own software and hardware;
  • measurements.

Processing and analysis of the displacements of monitored pipelines on the basis of measurement results are performed on-line. The purpose of the analysis is to evaluate the condition of steam generator supports and pipelines by way of comparison of the measured displacement values with the estimated (design) values, logging of the analysis results and display of generalized diagnostic data on the anomalies on the monitor or remote data terminal.

The pipeline displacement monitoring system is an information system. The system does not provide control actions to the reactor protection systems.

The pipeline displacement monitoring system complies with the requirements of «Special conditions of supply of equipment, instruments, materials to nuclear facilities.

The software-hardware suite of the pipeline displacement monitoring system ensures self-check of its software and hardware.

2. Pipeline displacement monitoring system structure

The pipeline displacement monitoring system is an off-line information system comprising relative displacement monitoring channels and software-hardware suite (UII).

In order to monitor thermal displacements the pipeline displacement monitoring system uses:

  • signals from inductive sensors of relative displacements DOP-04 installed pair-wise on main steam lines of steam generator PG1-4, pressurizer system surge line and pipelines of the emergency core cooling system passive part;
  • process parameters that arrive over Ethernet LAN from the NPP Unit IT system.

The use of relative displacement inductive sensors to monitor thermal displacements is preconditioned by the simplicity of their manufacture and adjustment and operational reliability. Similar engineering solutions are used to monitor the displacements of WWER-1000 reactor system equipment at Kalinin NPP Unit 3, "Tianwan" NPP, etc.

The specialty of the above channels consists in the possibility of remote calibration and balancing. A half-bridge circuit is used for the relative displacement sensor configuration.

The relative displacement sensor DOP-04 measures pipeline displacements with reference to building structures in the quasi-static mode (slow thermal displacements in various RS operation modes). Displacements are monitored within the range ±50 mm.

The pipeline displacement monitoring system includes (in a delivery set per a NPP Unit):

  • data-measuring device UII for signal normalization, filtering and control of balancing and check of relative displacement sensor sensitivity, recording and storage of signal time realizations and auxiliary data in the data base, testing of own software-hardware suite, data processing and analysis;
  • Relative displacement measuring devices intended to record thermal displacements of the monitored pipelines in two directions (radial and tangential) and consisting of relative displacement sensors and carrier frequency amplifiers;
  • Terminal boxes;
  • Relative displacement sensor attachment points;
  • Cable communication lines from terminal boxes to the instrument rack (not included in the delivery set).
Data-Measuring Device UII of Pipeline Displacement Monitoring System

1 – ventilation device UV-1;
2 – cabinet monitoring unit BMSh-02;
3 – hinged front panel;
4 – electrotechnical modular device UTM-02;
5 – vibration and displacement monitoring units BKVP-12;
6 – ventilation device UV-2;
7 – data input and display device UVOD;
8 – basic system unit BSB-02R;
9 – uninterruptible power supply unit BBP-02;
10 – ventilation device UV-3

Figure 2 – Data-Measuring Device UII of
Pipeline Displacement Monitoring System

Data-measuring device UII (see Figure 2) contains unified basic software-hardware facilities that include:

  • electrotechnical modular device UTM-02 as part of mounting cabinet, uninterruptible power supply unit, cabinet monitoring unit;
  • basic system unit BSB-02R based on industrial PC, used as part of the main computer;
  • System software supporting TCP/IP, FTP/NFS, Telnet, NTP, SNMP protocols; adjustment and monitoring of uninterruptible power supply; adjustment and monitoring of operating parameters of cabinet monitoring hardware; support of graphic interface X-Window.

Attachment points ensure secure sensor fastening upon the monitored equipment. Terminal boxes enable reducing the cable communication lines number.

The block-diagram of the pipeline displacement monitoring system is given in Figure 1.

The digital information exchange between the pipeline displacement monitoring system and the IT system is performed over Ethernet interface using network boards included in the pipeline displacement monitoring system. The link of the pipeline displacement monitoring system with the IT system is required to receive the values of process parameters used during the system operation.

3. Operation of Pipeline Displacement Monitoring System

During the thermal displacement monitoring the pipeline displacement monitoring system ensures simultaneous recording of 20 analogue signals from relative displacement sensors. The polling period of relative displacement sensor measuring channels during the thermal displacement measurement is 5...20 sec. and is set by the user in the software settings.

The signals form the relative displacement sensors DOP-04 arrive in the vibration and displacement monitoring unit BKVP-12 with the installed measuring modules IU-2P, where they are demodulated and converted into a voltage signal ±6.3 V, proportional to mechanical displacements of equipment and analog signals are transmitted to the inputs of ADCs installed in the basic system unit BSB-02R.

The functional test of relative displacement sensor channels is initiated by the operator’s commands made from BSB-02R (main computer) included in the data-measuring device UII and is displayed on the embedded system monitor screen.

BSB-02R records multichannel time realizations of sensor signals.

The input data is exposed during measurements to simultaneous multichannel analog-to-digital conversion that results in the generation of signal time realizations. Digitized signal values are stored in the system data base and are used for further processing (comparison with the estimated values) as well as for the long-term storage of measurement data in the system archive.

When estimated and actual displacement values are compared, diagnostic data are generated to be displayed on the monitor (remote data terminal) and stored in the diagnostic data base.

The functions of the pipeline displacement monitoring system are subdivided into informational and general.

The information functions are:

  • software-hardware suite control functions;
  • functions of sensor signals preliminary preparation;
  • functions of data recording, storage and archiving;
  • data analysis functions;
  • data representation functions;
  • functions of communication with external systems.

The general functions of the pipeline displacement monitoring systems are:

  • initial start and software loading;
  • unauthorized access protection using the priority system;
  • user work accounting;
  • support of common time with the IT system.